Country & Regions
The Casa de Moneda de Mexico (Mexican Mint) was established 1535 by the Spanish to process Mexican silver and Inca gold for shipment back to Spain. It is the first and oldest mint in the Americas, and is still in operation today. Spanish dollars, known as "pieces of eight," became the de facto trading currency of all New World colonies regardless of nationality, and remained legal tender in the United States into the 1800s.
In the modern era, famous Mexican coins include the gold Centenario de Oro, and the silver and gold Libertads.