The Federal Republic of Somalia is a coastal nation located in the Horn of Africa, on the shores of the Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden. Its land neighbors are Kenya to the southwest, Ethiopia to the west, and Djibouti to the northwest. The site of important kingdoms in ancient times, Somalia was divided by the British and Italians in the late 19th century. After the defeat of Italy in WWII, Great Britain ruled both territories until their independence in 1960.
A Communist coup in 1969 lasted until 1991, when a protracted civil war broke out. This led to the old British Somaliland and Puntland becoming autonomous areas in the north. A Somali transitional government formed in 2004, and led to the formation of a unity government in 2012.
Somalian Silver Coins
The official currency of Somalia is the Somali shilling, which traces its roots back to the colonial British East African shilling. Coins from the British and Italian colonial era are not usually found on the market. There have been several silver commemorative coins minted since the formation of the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia in 2004 after Kenyan-led peace talks.