Coins Of The Royal Canadian Mint
The Royal Canadian Mint was founded in Ottawa in 1908 as a branch of the British Royal Mint, to refine, cast and mint gold from the Yukon Territory gold rush. The Mint played a major role in financing the British Empire's involvement in World War I, casting a great quantity of Yukon and British Columbian gold into bars to finance the war effort.
In modern times, the Royal Canadian Mint was the first in the world to mint 9999 fineness gold bullion coins, and the first to mint 99999 "five nines" ultra-pure gold coins. The Mint not only produces all of Canada's circulating, proof, bullion, and collectible coinage, it provides refining and coinage services to many other nations.
The most famous coin from the Royal Canadian Mint is the Gold Maple Leaf, the world's first pure gold bullion coin. This coin was invented in 1979 as an alternative to the 22k Krugerrand during the boycotts of South Africa over its apartheid policies.