The Problem With Venezuela's Gold
If you haven't noticed yet, Venezuela has been in absolute turmoil. The growing calamity has economic, political, and humanitarian dimensions that are beginning to spread across South America.
Aside from a growing refugee crisis and shortages of food and medicine, the country is dealing with political upheaval and runaway inflation.
Its national currency, the bolívar, has seen its purchasing power crater over the past few years. The inflation rate over that period is approaching a staggering 10,000,000%!
Yes, you read that correctly: ten million percent.
There is little doubt that this hyperinflation has resulted from corruption and mismanagement by the socialist government of President Nicolás Maduro. Despite widespread protests against his regime, Maduro has remained in power and still has the support of the Venezuelan military.
As the situation on the ground continues to deteriorate, several countries (including the U.S.) are now recognizing Venezuela's opposition leader as the interim president.
This has perturbed the Maduro government, as you might imagine. Calls for the president to resign have been accompanied by economic sanctions. Now, the White House has been warning other nations not to trade with Venezuela for its gold or its vast reserves of crude oil.
These commodities are really the last resort for Caracas to raise revenue given the collapsing value of its currency. Previous forays into the cryptocurrency space have also been a failure.
On top of that, a huge chunk of Venezuela's gold reserves are sitting in vaults at the Bank of England. President Maduro has requested that the gold be repatriated, but thus far the U.K. has resisted doing so.
A small group of Venezuela's international partners are still standing behind the socialist regime, however.
Last year, Venezuela shipped approximately $900 million worth of gold bullion (i.e. more than 20 metric tons) to Turkey. Somewhat ironically, Turkey was buying the gold in an attempt to deal with its own currency crisis, as the Turkish lira was among the worst-performing currencies in the foreign exchange markets in 2018.
Russia is another key ally for the Maduro regime. The Kremlin has remained a steadfast supporter of the Venezuelan dictator, openly warning the U.S. against intervening.
What's more, news broke this week that a Russian plane landed in Venezuela and is believed to have taken an additional 20 tons of gold out of the country.
There is growing fear that the U.S. and Russia could actually find themselves mired in a proxy military conflict over the Venezuela problem. Although this possibility is remote, the mere mention of armed intervention speaks to the bubbling geopolitical tensions that are increasingly a feature of the international system.
The opinions and forecasts herein are provided solely for informational purposes, and should not be used or construed as an offer, solicitation, or recommendation to buy or sell any product.
Everett has been the head content writer and market analyst at Gainesville Coins since 2013. He has a background in History and is deeply interested in how gold and silver have historically fit into the financial system.